1917 Woods Twin Energy

January 12th, 2011

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The first hybrid gasoline electric automotive didn’t come out in 1983, but in 1917. The Woods Twin Energy was built by the Woods Motor Car Firm of Chicago. Because the gas engine was so tough, but equipped more power and electrical automobiles have been smoother, however had limited range, the Woods Motor Car Firm needed to produce a automotive that gave you the best of each worlds.

The very best half is, it was a full hybrid (hear up GM) with regenerative braking. The engine was a parallel hybrid that included a 12-hp, four-cylinder gasoline engine as an auxiliary drive system in addition to the electric drive train. The electrical engine might propel the car as much as 20 mph. Together with the gasoline engine, the dual wood energy might get up to 35 mph.

The fuel engine and electrical engine had been related utilizing a magnetic clutch. The gasoline engine became magnetized when activated (by a lever controlled by the motive force). The copper disk was pulled against the flywheel connecting the electrical motor to the gas engine.

Solely the electrical motor could be used whereas going in reverse. Why? As a result of the engine had no clutch and so the gas engine had no gears!

The car battery designed for this automotive was about half the scale of the batteries in other electric vehicles of the time. Once the automobile got up to 20 mph, the fuel engine might be engaged, permitting the electric motor and gas motor to work together. The battery might be recharged or discharged by another lever. Recharging was finished by the gas motor (at speeds over 6 mph) or by braking on degree ground or when coasting down hills. A standard brake pedal was only used at speeds of less than 6 mph.

Obtainable for less than $2650 (remember this was 1917). Wire wheels have been a luxury, costing an additional $25. Or you could possibly ‘pimp’ your automobile out for one more $a hundred (paint and trim).

Finally, the primary hybrid was a business failure. It was constructed only in 1917 and 1918. It was too costly, too gradual, and too tough to service to be a industrial success.


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